Monday, 26 November 2012

0 podiatry

Three professions are commonly of podiatry: the pedorthist, the Podiatrist and the Orthopedic-orthotic.
Podiatry is a medical science on the study, prevention, diagnosis and appropriate management of the pathologies of the lower extremity, foot and ankle included. Care of first resort, the podiatry takes into account problems, pain, local and systemic events related to this part of the body. The foot support can be educational, preventive, curative, require long term treatment, or research.
The pedorthist produces soles orthopedic but also and especially of Orthopedic shoes, it is a professional level bac + 3, singled out by a BTS. These achievements can be done only on doctor's prescription.
The Podiatrist performs orthotic insoles and the pedicure, it has a different approach because of its status as a paramedic. One of the peculiarities of the profession of podiatry – podiatry is the possibility that it is known to perform certain professional acts without prior prescription and in the conditions laid down by the code of public health (article L.4322-1), and in particular the right to clinical examination and diagnosis. These are the Decree of 19 June 1985 codified in article R.4322-1 of the code of public health and the Decree of 1987 relating to the topical. Non-prescription, they are non-refundable by health insurance.
Orthopedic-orthotic is a health to the code of public health (article L.4364-1). Switchgear solutions experience "from head to toe" enabled him to understand the influences and impacts due to functional imbalances. On medical prescription, through his global vision of the static and the posture of the patient, orthopedic-orthotic analysis, designs and realizes foot orthotics to measure, in perfect harmony with the pathology, the footwear-related constraints and activity.
The potential for development in this sector of activity, in terms of public health and scientific, technological, and clinical, demonstrates the close and inseparable relationship between the diagnosis and the treatment modalities, including the use of medical devices.

Podiatry acts on the structure of the foot.
The podiatry professionals realize foot orthotics, orthotic insoles placed in the shoes of the patient. The objective is to correct postural, tendinopathy, capsulitis, neuralgia, myalgia, osteoarthritis disorders which are thus avoided or of less attenuated in their symptoms.
Many Orthotics are made:
orthoplasties custom-made, correct and protect the toes.
Others can be made only by the Podiatrist:
the orthonyxies restore the physiological curvature of the nail, the nail incarnation is thus avoided.
onychoplasties, nail prosthesis, adequately tackled the deficit of the nail.
nocturnal restraints tend to reset the position physiological teats.
The Podiatrist is entitled to prescribe some topical. Pedorthists and orthopedic surgeons and Orthotists may not prescribe.
Signs treated by podiatry:
the foot pain regardless of its location, toes, heels, ankles, plant, back of the feet... (except anti-inflammatory prescribed only by the physician)
malformation of any part of the foot,.
a concern about a change in the appearance of the footer,
the note of a third party observing a change in the market, posture...
pain of the knee, hip, back.
In the context of certain diseases, such as diabetes or Arteritis, Podiatry to prevent the complication of horns or wounds.
In athletes, certain activities increase the risk of musculoskeletal disorders, and should encourage a systematic consultation of podiatrists.
As regards children, Podiatrist, pedorthist and orthopedic-orthotic undertake the manufacture of so-called stimulation (F) insoles and soles functional (B) preventing the wrong positions of adulthood.
For their comfort and to avoid deforming attitudes, seniors are often brought in to consult.


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